MLH1 Methylation : 39782

Test Code
MLH1Q or 39782

Alias/See Also
MLH1 Promoter Methylation

CPT Codes

Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue or whole blood.

Transport Container
Preferred Specimens: 5 mL whole blood collected in an EDTA (lavender-top) tube or ACD (yellow-top) tube or Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue block or 1 H&E slide and 5 (2) unstained, non-baked slides with 5-10 um thick tumor sections

Alternative Specimen: Whole blood collected in sodium heparin (green-top) tube (not recommended)

Minimum volume:  whole blood 3 mL

Transport Temperature
Room temperature.

Specimen Stability
Whole blood: Room temperature: 8 days; Refrigerated: 8 days; Frozen: Unacceptable
FFPE: Room temperature: 5 years; Refrigerated: 5 years; Frozen: Unacceptable
Slides Room temperature: 5 years; Refrigerated: Unacceptable; Frozen: Unacceptable

Reject Criteria (Eg, hemolysis? Lipemia? Thaw/Other?)
Baked slide

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

Setup Schedule

Report Available
7 days (From receipt at performing laboratory)

Reference Range
Not detected

Clinical Significance
The MLH1 methylation assay is designed to target methylated CpG residues in the “C region of the MLH1 promoter. The target patients are the people with colorectal cancer who have positive MLH1 IHC or MSI high results. Promoter methylation of MLH1 can help to rule out Lynch syndrome in colorectal cancer patients, as well as women with endometrial cancer. Lynch syndrome is most frequently caused by inherited germline mutation of one or more of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2). The current NCCN guideline recommended testing for loss of protein expression of these MMR genes using immunohistochemistry (IHC) or microsatellite instability by PCR. MLH1 is the protein most often found to be downregulated or completely absent, often in combination with PMS2. This loss of expression of MLH1 can either be the result of a germline mutation(s) in the MLH1 gene (indicating Lynch syndrome), or due to promoter methylation (indicating a sporadic CRC). Few cases exist MLH1 germline methylation in Lynch syndrome. Usually there is 27.7-77.2% of concordance between BRAF mutation and MLH1 methylation confirming sporadic CRC.

Performing Laboratory
Quest Diagnostics

The CPT Codes provided in this document are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payor being billed. Any Profile/panel component may be ordered separately. Reflex tests are performed at an additional charge.