Acetone Blood [205]

Test Code
ACE (S41710)

Quest Code
S41710

CPT Codes
82010<br /> **This test is not available for Florida, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania or Rhode Island patient testing**

Preferred Specimen
1 mL whole blood collected in a fluoride/oxalate (gray-top) tube

Minimum Volume
0.5 mL

Other Acceptable Specimens
Whole blood collected in: EDTA (lavender-top), sodium heparin (green-top) tube

Instructions
DO NOT OPEN! Do not use alcohol solutions as skin preparation for drawing specimens. Use non-alcohol solutions such as Betadine® or Zephiran®. Keep transport container tightly sealed.

Specimen Stability
Room temperature: 14 days
Refrigerated: 14 days

Methodology
Chromatography

Setup Schedule
Tue-Sat

Report Available
3 to 3 days

Limitations
Patients with diabetes who may also have lactic acidosis may have false negatives or falsely weak reactions. With these patients a beta-hydroxybutyrate measurement may be preferred. High concentrations of levodopa may produce false positives. Ketogenic or low/no-carb diets, often instituted for pediatric epilepsy, may also produce false positive results.

Reference Range
None detected

Clinical Significance
Excessive formation of ketone bodies (acetone) results in increased blood levels (ketonemia) and increased excretion in the urine (ketonuria). This condition is associated with a decreased availability of carbohydrates, such as dieting or decreased use of carbohydrates. Diabetes and alcohol consumption are common causes of ketoacidosis. Acetone is one ketone body formed from acetoacetate. Ingestion of isopropyl alcohol also leads to the formation of acetone.

Performing Laboratory
Quest Diagnostics-West Hills
8401 Fallbrook Ave
West Hills, CA 91304



The CPT Codes provided in this document are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payor being billed. Any Profile/panel component may be ordered separately. Reflex tests are performed at an additional charge.